Originally published: November 1, 2013
Last updated: November 1, 2013 - 6:30pm
The German, French, Spanish and Swedish intelligence services have all developed methods of mass surveillance of Internet and phone traffic since 2008 in close partnership with Britain's Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) eavesdropping agency.
The bulk monitoring is carried out through direct taps into fiber optic cables and the development of covert relationships with telecommunications companies. A loose but growing eavesdropping alliance has allowed intelligence agencies from one country to cultivate ties with corporations from another to facilitate the trawling of the web, according to GCHQ documents leaked by the former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden. The files also make clear that GCHQ played a leading role in advising its European counterparts how to work around national laws intended to restrict the surveillance power of intelligence agencies. The German, French and Spanish governments have reacted angrily to reports based on National Security Agency (NSA) files leaked by Snowden since June 2013, revealing the interception of communications by tens of millions of their citizens each month. US intelligence officials have insisted the mass monitoring was carried out by the security agencies in the countries involved and shared with the US.
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